Key to Exercise on Structure in Scientific Writing

Given below is one possible revision for the original headings and subheadings. This revision attempts to select headings and subheadings that are parallel, are descriptive, and reflect the scope of the title. Pages 37-40 in The Craft of Scientific Writing discuss how to assign headings and subheadings. To view the proper spacings on this page, you should use Netscape.

Evaluation of Three Treatments
for Parkinson's Disease

Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
Description of Treatments

L-Dopa Drug Therapy
Fetal Tissue Implants
Comparison of Treatments
Effectiveness of Treatments
Side Effects of Treatments
Costs of Treatments
Conclusions and Recommendations
Appendix: Regions of the Brain Affected by Parkinson's Disease

Given below is one possible revision for the original headings of Chapter IV of the Report of the Warren Commission. An underlying assumption for this revision is that the purpose is simply to inform rather than to persuade. Also, some of the subheadings in the middle section came from subheadings in the actual report [1964].

Chapter IV of the Report of the Warren Commission:
The Assassin

Before the Assassination

Oswald's Ability to Fire a Rifle
Oswald's Prior Attempt to Kill
Oswald's Ownership of Assassination Weapon
Oswald's Bringing of Rifle Into the Building
At the Time of the Assassination
Oswald's Presence on Sixth Floor Just Before the Assassination
Eyewitness Identification of Assassin
Oswald's Actions in Building Immediately After Assassination
Palmprints and Fingerprints on Cartons and Paper Bag
After the Assassination
Killing of Patrolman Tippit by Oswald
Arrest of Oswald
Statements of Oswald During Detention

Last updated 6/00
You are more than welcome to use these materials in your classroom as long as you acknowledge the source (